By Dev K. Mishra, M.D.
President, Sideline Sports Doc
Clinical Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Stanford University
According to the National Institute for Mental Health, it’s estimated that about 32% of all adolescents in the U.S. have some form of anxiety and about 8% have what would be classified as severe anxiety. It shouldn’t be surprising then that the estimates for anxiety disorders in young athletes is also high. While there are only a limited number of high quality studies about anxiety specific to the athletic population, it’s still estimated that more than 30% of collegiate student-athletes have experienced overwhelming anxiety.
Anxiety disorders have a profoundly negative impact on quality of life as well as overall health. We also have evidence thatstudent-athletes with preseason anxiety and depression are statistically higher risk for developing in-season sport related injuries. The exact mechanisms in which this happens are unknown but it’s clear that recognition and treatment are critical.
The good news is that when anxiety and depression are recognized, they can be successfully treated and lead to substantial improvements in quality of life. As coaches, parents, and teammates we can go a long way to helping those in need by recognizing possible signs of anxiety or depression. The graphic below, provided by the NCAAgives us some helpful signs to be on the lookout for. Let’s remove the stigma around mental illness, recognize it, and get these young people the help they deserve.